Premium Sponsor

Friday, July 18, 2014

7th pay commission [7th CPC] COMMON MEMORANDUM – AT A GLANCE

7th pay commission 
7TH CPC COMMON MEMORANDUM – AT A GLANCE
Highlights of the Memorandum submitted on issues common to all Central Government employees to Secretary 7th Pay Commission.
JCM NC has also submitted Interim Memorandum on interim relief and Merger of DA.
1. Pay scales are calculated on the basis of pay drawn pay in pay band + GP + 100% DA by employees as on 01.01.2014.
2. 7th CPC report should be implemented w.e.f. 01-01-2014. In future five year wage revision.
3. Scrap New Pension Scheme and cover all employees under Old Pension and Family Pension Scheme.
4. JCM has proposed minimum wage for MTS (Skilled) Rs.26,000 p.m.
5. Ratio of minimum and maximum wage should be 1:8.
6. General formula for determination of pay scale based on minimum living wage demanded for MTS is pay in PB+GP x 3.7.
7. Annual rate of increment @ 5% of the pay.
8. Fixation of pay on promotion = 2 increments and difference of pay between present and promotional posts (minimum Rs.3000).
9. The pay structure demanded is as under:- (open ended pay scales – Total 14 pay scales)
ExistingProposed(in Rs.)
PB-1, GP Rs. 180026,000
PB-1, GP Rs. 1900
PB-1, GP Rs. 200033,000
PB-1, GP Rs. 2400
PB-1, GP Rs. 280046,000
PB-2, GP Rs. 420056,000
PB-2, GP Rs. 4600
PB-2, GP Rs. 480074000
PB-2, GP Rs. 540078,000
PB-3, GP 540088000
PB-3, GP 6600102000
PB-3, GP 7600120000
PB-4, GP 8900148000
P4-4, GP 10000162000
HAG193000
Apex Scale213000
Cabinet Secretary240000
X Classified CityOther Places
Rs. 7500 + DARs. 3750 +DA
CategoryA1, A Class CityOther Cities
ExecutiveRs. 5000 per day + DARs. 3500 per day + DA
Non-ExecutiveRs. 4000 per day + DARs. 2500 per day + DA
X Class Cities60%
Other Classified Cities40%
Unclassified Locations20%
`X’ Class Cities`Y’ Class Cities
A. Pay up to Rs.50,00010%5%
B. Pay above Rs.50,0006% minimum Rs 50003% minimum Rs.2500

9 (a) Wages and service conditions of Gramin Dak Sevaks is to be examined by 7th CPC itself.
10. Dearness Allowances on the basis of 12 monthly average of CPI, Payment on 1st Jan and 1st July every year.
11. Overtime Allowances on the basis of total Pay + DA + Full TA.
12 Liabilities of all Government dues of persons died in harness be waived.
13. Transfer Policy – Group `C and `D Staff should not be transferred. DoPT should issue clear cut guideline as per 5th CPC recommendation. Govt. should from a Transfer Policy in each department for transferring on mutual basis on promotion. Any order issued in violation of policy framed be cancelled by head of department on representation.
14. Transport Allowance -
The stipulation for TA that the Govt. employee should be on duty in his headquarters for certain number of days during the calendar month should be removed.
15. Deputation Allowance double the rates and should be paid 10% of the pay at same station and 20% of the pay at outside station.
16. Classification of the post should be executive and non-executive instead of present Group A,B.C.
17. Special Pay which was replaced with Special/Allowance by 4th CPC be bring back to curtail pay scales.
18. Scrap downsizing, outsourcing and contracting of govt. jobs.
19. Regularize all casual labour and count their entire service after first two year, as a regular service for pension and all other benefits. They should not be thrown out by engaging contractors workers.
20. The present MACPs Scheme be replaced by giving five promotion after completion of 8,15,21,26 and 30 year of service with benefits of stepping up of pay with junior and also hierarchical pay scales.
21. PLB being bilateral agreement, it should be out of 7th CPC perview.
22. Housing facility:-
(a) To achieve 70% houses in Delhi and 40% in all other towns to take lease accommodation and allot to the govt. employees.
(b) Land and building acquired by it department may be used for constructing houses for govt. employees.
23. House Building Allowance :-
(a) Simplify the procedure of HBA
(b) Entitle to purchase second and used houses
24. Common Category – Equal Pay for similar nature of work be provided.
25. Compassionate appointment – remove ceiling of 5% and give appointment within Three months.
26. Traveling Allowance:-
27. Composite Transfer Grant: -
Executive Class 6000 kg by Goods Train/ Rate per km by road 8 Wheeler Wagon Rs.50+DA(Rs.1 per kg and single container per km)
Non-Executive Class 3000 kg – do – -do-
28. Children Education Allowance should be allowed up to Graduate, Post Graduate, and all Professional Courses. Allow any two children for Children Education Allowance.
29. Fixation of pay on promotion – two increments in feeder grade with minimum benefit of Rs.3000.
30. House Rent Allowance
31. Compensatory City Allowance.
32. Patient Care Allowance to all para-medical and staff working in hospitals.
33. All allowances to be increased by three times.
34. NE Region benefits – Payment of Special Duty Allowance @ 37.5% of pay.
35. Training: – Sufficient budget for in-service training.
36. Leave Entitlement
(i) Increase Casual Leave 08 to 12 days & 10 days to 15 days.
(ii) Declare May Day as National Holiday
(iii) In case of Hospital Leave, remove the ceiling of maximum 24 months leave and 120 days full payment and remaining half payment.
(iv) Allow accumulation of 400 days Earned Leave
(v) Allow encashment of 50% leave while in service at the credit after 20 years Qualifying Service.
(vi) National Holiday Allowance (NHA) – Minimum one day salary and eligibility criteria to be removed for all Non Executive Staff.
(vii) Permit encashment of Half Pay Leave.
(viii) Increase Maternity Leave to 240 days to female employees & increase 30 days Paternity Leave to male employees.
37. LTC
(a) Permission to travel by air within and outside the NE Region.
(b) To increase the periodicity once in a two year.
(c) One visit outside country in a lifetime
38. Income Tax:
(i) Allow 30% standard deduction to salaried employees.
(ii) Exempt all allowances.
(iii) Raise the ceiling limit as under:
(a) General – 2 Lakh to 5 Lakh
(b) Sr. Citizen – 2.5 Lakh to 7 Lakh
(c) Sr. Citizen above 80 years of age – 5 Lakh to 10 Lakh
(iv) No Income Tax on pension and family pension and Dearness Relief.
39. (a) Effective grievance handling machinery for all non-executive staff.
(b) Spot settlement
(c) Maintain schedule of three meetings in a year
(d) Department Council be revived at all levels
(e) Arbitration Award be implemented within six month, if not be discussed with Staff Side before rejection for finding out some modified form of agreement.
40. Appoint Arbitrator for shorting all pending anomalies of the 6th CPC.
41. Date of Increment – 1st January and 1st July every year. In case of employees retiring on 31st December and 30th June, they should be given one increment on last day of service, i.e. 31st December and 30th June, and their retirements benefits should be calculated by adding the same.
42. General Insurance: Active Insurance Scheme covering risk upto Rs. 7,50,000/- to Non Executive & Rs. 3,50,000/- to Skilled staff by monthly contribution of Rs. 750/- & Rs. 350/- respectively.
43. Point to point fixation of pay.
44. Extra benefits to Women employees (i) 30% reservation for women.
(ii) Posting of husband and wife at same station.
(iii) One month special rest for chronic disease
(iv) Conversion of Child Care Leave into Family Care Leave
(v) Flexi time
45. Gratuity:
Existing ceiling of 16 ½ months be removed and Gratuity be paid @ half month salary for every year of qualifying service.
Remove ceiling limit of Rs.10 Lakh for Gratuity.
46. Pension:
(i) Pension @ 67% of Last Pay Drawn (LPD) instead of 50% presently.
(ii) Pension after 10 years of qualifying service in case of resignation.
(iii) Increase pension age-based as under:
65 Years – 70% of Las Pay Drawn (LPD)
70 Years – 75% of LPD
75 Years – 80% of LPD
80 Years – 85% of LPD
85 Years – 90% of LPD
90 Years – 100% of LPD
(iv) Parity of pension to retirees before 1.1.2006.
(v) Enhanced family pension should be same in case of death in harness and normal death.
(vi) After 10 years, family pension should be 50% of LPD.
(vii) Family pension to son upto the age of 28 years looking to the recruitment age.
(viii) Fixed Medical Allowance (FMA) @ Rs.2500/- per month.
(ix) Extend medical facilities to parents also.
(x) HRA to pensioners.
(xi) Improvement in ex-gratia pension to CPF/SRPF retirees up to 1/3rd of full pension.
NB: The above is only gist. All points raised by us not included. For understanding the entire demands raised by us, Please read the full memorandum published in our website.
(M. Krishnan)
Secretary General
NFPE/Confederation
Source: http://confederationhq.blogspot.in/

AddThis Social Bookmark Button

Thursday, January 9, 2014

Fuse bits for AVR ATMega8 Ponyprog

It is about the question of how the fuse bits must be set in most cases.

And here it is, the collection of the default settings most frequently used the fuse bits for ATmega8.
Fuse bits for AVR ATMega8 Ponyprog

First, verify with Datasheets, because some of Atmega are made for only lower frequency response.
Like ATMega8L will works till 8Mhz frequency.

I am no responsible for any loss or IC damage, only one wrong fuse bit will make non responsive ic. That may be recover by fusebit doctor.

1 MHz internal RC Oscillator


Low Fuse


  • 11100001
  • Brown-out detection level at VCC = 2.7 V; [BODLEVEL = 1]
  • Int. RC Osc. 1 MHz start-up time: 6 CK + 64 ms; [CHSEL = 0001 SUT = 10]; defaultValue


High Fuse


  • 11011001
  • Serial program downloading (SPI) enabled; [SPIEN = 0]
  • Boot Flash section size = 1024 words start address = $ 0C00 boat; [BOOTSZ = 00]; defaultValue

Lockbits


  • 11111111
  • Mode 1: No memory lock features enabled
  • Application Protection Mode 1: No lock on SPM and LPM in Application Section
  • Boot Loader Protection Mode 1: No lock on SPM and LPM in Boot Loader Section

8 MHz internal RC Oscillator


Low Fuse


  • 11100100
  • Brown-out detection level at VCC = 2.7 V; [BODLEVEL = 1]
  • Int. RC Osc. 8 MHz start-up time: 6 CK + 64 ms; [CKSEL = 0100 SUT = 10]

High Fuse


  • 11011001
  • Serial program downloading (SPI) enabled; [SPIEN = 0]
  • Boot Flash section size = 1024 words start address = $ 0C00 boat; [BOOTSZ = 00]; defaultValue

Lockbits


  • 11111111
  • Mode 1: No memory lock features enabled
  • Application Protection Mode 1: No lock on SPM and LPM in Application Section
  • Boot Loader Protection Mode 1: No lock on SPM and LPM in Boot Loader Section

3-8 Mhz external crystal


Low Fuse


  • 11111111
  • Brown-out detection level at VCC = 2.7 V; [BODLEVEL = 1]
  • . External Crystal / Resonator High Freq, Start-up time: 16K CK + 64 ms; [CKSEL = 1111 SUT = 11]

High Fuse


  • 11011001
  • Serial program downloading (SPI) enabled; [SPIEN = 0]
  • Boot Flash section size = 1024 words start address = $ 0C00 boat; [BOOTSZ = 00]; defaultValue

Lockbits


  • 11111111
  • Mode 1: No memory lock features enabled
  • Application Protection Mode 1: No lock on SPM and LPM in Application Section
  • Boot Loader Protection Mode 1: No lock on SPM and LPM in Boot Loader Section

8-16 Mhz external crystal

Low Fuse


  • 11111111
  • Brown-out detection level at VCC = 2.7 V; [BODLEVEL = 1]
  • . External Crystal / Resonator High Freq, Start-up time: 16K CK + 64 ms; [CKSEL = 1111 SUT = 11]
High Fuse


  • 11001001
  • Serial program downloading (SPI) enabled; [SPIEN = 0]
  • Boot Flash section size = 1024 words start address = $ 0C00 boat; [BOOTSZ = 00]; defaultValue
  • CKOPT fuse (operation dependent of CKSEL fuses); [CKOPT = 0]

Lockbits


  • 11111111
  • Mode 1: No memory lock features enabled
  • Application Protection Mode 1: No lock on SPM and LPM in Application Section
  • Boot Loader Protection Mode 1: No lock on SPM and LPM in Boot Loader Section


PonyProg

1 MHz internal RC Oscillator

Lockbits


  • 11111111

High Fuse


  • 11011001
  • SPIEN
  • BOOTSZ1
  • BOOTSZ0

Low Fuse


  • 11100001
  • SUT0
  • CKSEL3
  • CKSEL2
  • CHSEL1

8 MHz internal RC Oscillator

Lockbits

  • 11111111
High Fuse

  • 11011001
  • SPIEN
  • BOOTSZ1
  • BOOTSZ0
Low Fuse

  • 11100100
  • SUT0
  • CKSEL3
  • CKSEL1
  • CHSEL0

8-16 Mhz external crystal



Lockbits

  • 11111111
High Fuse

  • 11001001
  • SPIEN
  • CKOPT
  • BOOTSZ1
  • BOOTSZ0
Low Fuse

  • 11111111


AddThis Social Bookmark Button

Wednesday, June 19, 2013

Data acquisition (DAQ) system - realtime multi channel - hardware and software

Data acquisition (DAQ) system - realtime multi channel - hardware and software

Purpose of this system is acquiring multiple data from exist sensing system which is transmitting data on serial port. This hardware is for two channel RS232 data receiving and on request base sending this data on physical serial port in real-time operation. Like when user will send 1 on serial port this system will reply sensing data as on channel 1 and as well as when user will transmit 2 on serial port system will reply data as on second channel. We can also extend channels up to 12 channels. USB communication is also possible with PL232 chip which is converting serial data into USB virtual serial port.

Firmware part is mainly on software base serial data reading and sending it to hardware serial port. USB communication can be also programed by using some bootloder firmware.

Software was done in visual basic with reporting tool, this one is for label printing but as on custom need we can make it as per requirements. Saving data in mdb database with date stamp, reporting and printing feature is also there.

Schematic, PCB diagram and Firmware is available on request basis. You can test this system by using terminal with this settings, Com Port: As hardware is connected | Baud Rate: 9600 | Data Bits: 8 | Parity: None | Stop Bits: 1 | Handshaking : None

Your suggestions are valuable for me.

Hardware Configuration:
 - ATMega 8 with internal 8 MHz Oscillator
 - Max232 for TTL to RS-232 Communication
 - PL232 if we are using USB communication
 - Sensing Board

User Operations:
 - Custom made software to gathering data.
 - User can add, edit and delete data.
 - Printing options.

Contact me:
 - arshad.pathan(at)gmail.com

Thanks for your attention.

AddThis Social Bookmark Button

Tuesday, August 14, 2012

Quran aur Hum - Kaha Suna Maaf

AddThis Social Bookmark Button

Wednesday, August 8, 2012

Screen Printing Technique Professional PCB Production at home

AddThis Social Bookmark Button

Monday, June 25, 2012

organic farming : My collection links : india

organic farming : My collection links


eOrganic authors:
Christine D. Smart, Cornell University
Holly W. Lange, Cornell University

Introduction

Black rot, caused by the bacterium Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc), is a significant disease of cabbage and other crucifer crops worldwide. The disease was first described in New York on turnips in 1893, and has been a common problem for growers for over 100 years. The pathogen thrives in warm, wet weather, spreading from plant to plant by splashing water, wind blown water droplets, and by workers or animals moving from infected fields to healthy fields. Xcc can spread rapidly during transplant production in greenhouses or seed beds, and could be spreading long before any symptoms are observed. The bacterium can infest seed, infecting young seedlings as they emerge. The pathogen can also survive in cruciferous weeds, such as yellow rocket, Shepherd’s purse, and wild mustard, as well as in crop debris in the field.

Figure 1. The cabbage above shows typical black rot symptoms, with V-shaped lesions moving into the leaf from the leaf margin. Photo credit: Chris Smart, Cornell University.

Figure 2. Transplants with black rot symptoms are shown above. While these plants are clearly diseased, it is important to remember that bacteria can be invading plants even if no symptoms are observed. Photo credit: Holly Lange, Cornell University.

Susceptible Crops

All crucifer crops are susceptible to black rot, including cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, Chinese cabbage, kale, radish, turnip, mustard, rutabaga, watercress, and arugula.

Figure 3. The cabbage field on the left has been destroyed by the black rot pathogen. Portions of the field on the right have been overtaken by cruciferous weeds which can serve as a source of inoculum. Photo credit: (left) Chris Smart, Cornell University; (right) Julie Kikkert, Cornell University .

Symptoms and Biology

Symptoms of black rot generally begin with yellowing at the leaf margin, which expands into the characteristic "V"-shaped lesion. The bacterium commonly enters the plant through the hydathode, or water pore, on the margin of the leaf; however, damage to leaves due to insect feeding, hail, or mechanical injury can also enable pathogen entry. The bacterial infection becomes systemic, meaning that the bacterium can enter the veins of the plant and spread into the cabbage head, which can lead to serious losses in storage. Blackening of the vascular tissue is typical in severe infections.

Figure 4. Hydathodes (or pores) on the margin of this cabbage leaf (left) exude plant sap or guttation droplets early in the morning. These hydathodes are the most common entry method for Xanthomonas campestris pv. campstris (which causes black rot). The leaf on the right is showing symptoms of black rot, with the lesion starting at the location of insect damage. Photo credits: Holly Lange, Cornell University.

Figure 5. Internal vein blackening caused by the black rot pathogen. This head would rot completely during storage. Photo credit: Holly Lange, Cornell University.

Prevention

Prevention is the best line of defense and is especially important in organic production. There are three preventative measures that can reduce the risk of a black rot outbreak:
  • Start with clean seed – It is known that the bacterium that causes black rot can survive on and in seed. Hot water treatment can be used to destroy the bacteria that may be infesting your seed. If you have purchased seed that has NOT been hot water treated, you can treat the seed yourself, but it is critical to do it correctly. For cabbage and Brussels sprouts, soak seed for 25 minutes in 122°F water; for Chinese cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, collard, kale, kohlrabi, rutabaga or turnip, soak for 20 minutes in 122°F water. Mustards, watercress and radish are more susceptible to heat damage, and should be soaked for 15 minutes in 122°F water. There is an excellent fact sheet on hot water treatment of seed at http://ohioline.osu.edu/hyg-fact/3000/pdf/3086.pdf . For additional information, see the eOrganic article Keys to Disease Management in Organic Seed Crops. Treat a small number of seeds the first time to ensure that the treatment is not reducing seed germination.
  • Use clean transplants – If you are growing your own transplants, make sure that the greenhouse has been cleaned well prior to starting transplants—even if you had no disease last year! Bacteria have a remarkable way of surviving in weeds, organic matter, or nooks and crannies, so if possible, get rid of all weeds, use new or disinfected flats, and disinfect benches and tools prior to the start of a new season. Be sure to keep foliage as dry as possible, and do not brush or trim wet plants. Use pathogen-freeorganic starting mix, and if you are adding compost, be certain that no diseased plant matter was used.
  • Rotate with non-crucifers – Because the black rot bacterium can survive in debris in the soil, it is important to rotate away from crucifer crops for a minimum of three years.

Reducing Disease Risk during the Growing Season

Anything that can be done to reduce leaf wetness and water splash will help reduce disease spread. This includes watering plants in the morning so that leaves dry prior to sunset, maintaining your irrigation system to reduce the likelihood of ponding, increasing spacing between plants, and orienting rows with prevailing winds to maximize air flow and drying.

Figure 6. Cabbage and cauliflower plants at this production facility are watered early in the morning so leaves will dry quickly. Photo credit: Chris Smart, Cornell University.

Management Strategies

As with most bacterial pathogens, managment can be very difficult when the weather is conducive to disease. Once a plant is infected, there is no rescue treatment since the infection is systemic. Copper-based products are effective in reducing spread from infected to healthy plants.
NOTE: Before applying ANY pest control product, be sure to read and understand the safety precautions and application restrictions, and make sure that the brand name product is listed in your Organic System Plan and approved by your certifier. For more information see the eOrganic article Can I Use this Product for Disease Management on my Organic Farm?
Although black rot can be severe, following the prevention strategies described above will reduce the risk of this disease. Although the pathogen can survive on farms, we know that this is not the most common source of inoculum on farms that use a minimum three year rotation; instead, the pathogen is most commonly brought onto farms on seed or plants. In New York, new strains of the pathogen enter the state each year. Thus, planting only clean seed and disease-free transplants are the most important management practices in regions with cold winters. In locations with mild winter temperatures, the risk of maintaining the pathogen on farms is greater.

References and Citations

  • McGrath, M. T. 1994. Black rot of crucifers. Fact Sheet page 730.40. Cooperative Extension of New York State, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY. Available online at:http://vegetablemdonline.ppath.cornell.edu/factsheets/Crucifers_BR.htm (verified 20 January 2010).
  • Miller, S. A., F. Sahin, and R. C. Rowe. 1996. Black rot of crucifers. Extension fact sheet HYG-3125-96. The Ohio State University. Available online at: http://ohioline.osu.edu/hyg-fact/3000/3125.html (verified 20 January 2010).
  • Miller, S. A., and M. L. Lewis Ivey. 2005. Hot water treatment of vegetable seeds to eradicate bacterial plant pathogens in organic production systems. Extension Fact sheet HYG-3086-05. The Ohio State University. Available online at: http://ohioline.osu.edu/hyg-fact/3000/pdf/3086.pdf (verified 20 January 2010).
  • Williams, P. H. 1980. Black Rot: A continuing threat to world crucifers. Plant Disease 64: 736–742.

This is an eOrganic article and was reviewed for compliance with National Organic Program regulations by members of the eOrganic community. Always check with your organic certification agency before adopting new practices or using new materials. For more information, refer to eOrganic's articles on organic certification.
eOrganic 4957


http://www.infonet-biovision.org/res/res/files/488.OrgFarm.pdf

http://www.agricultureguide.org/importance-of-organic-farming-in-terms-of-food-safety




Advertise
nChip Technologies is an innovation research and development firm with core competency around electronics hardware and firmware development. Contact us on www.nchip.in



AddThis Social Bookmark Button

Windows 7 Computer power on, startup, shut down log - Logging events


Windows 7 Computer power on, startup, shut down log - Logging events

You must be logged on as an administrator to perform these steps. If you aren't logged on as an administrator, you can change only settings that apply to your user account, and some event logs might not be accessible.
Event logs are special files that record significant events on your computer, such as when a user logs on to the computer or when a program encounters an error. Whenever these types of events occur, Windows records the event in an event log that you can read by using Event Viewer. Advanced users might find the details in event logs helpful when troubleshooting problems with Windows and other programs.
Event Viewer tracks information in several different logs. Windows Logs include:
  • Application (program) events. Events are classified as errorwarning, or information, depending on the severity of the event. An error is a significant problem, such as loss of data. A warning is an event that isn't necessarily significant, but might indicate a possible future problem. An information event describes the successful operation of a program, driver, or service.
  • Security-related events. These events are called audits and are described as successful or failed depending on the event, such as whether a user trying to log on to Windows was successful.
  • Setup events. Computers that are configured as domain controllers will have additional logs displayed here.
  • System events. System events are logged by Windows and Windows system services, and are classified as error, warning, or information.
  • Forwarded events. These events are forwarded to this log by other computers.
Applications and Services Logs vary. They include separate logs about the programs that run on your computer, as well as more detailed logs that pertain to specific Windowsservices.
  1. Open Event Viewer by clicking the Start button Picture of the Start button, clicking Control Panel, clickingSystem and Security, clicking Administrative Tools, and then double-clickingEvent Viewer.‌ Administrator permission required If you're prompted for an administrator password or confirmation, type the password or provide confirmation.
  2. Click an event log in the left pane.
  3. Double-click an event to view the details of the event.


AddThis Social Bookmark Button

...




Arshad Pathan


Counter:   

Pages

Google+

Translate

Popular Posts